Graphic Formalism / Graphic Tracings of Renee Gladman’s Prose Architectures / JS Wu


I. Renee Gladman, “Introduction: Writing Drawing, Drawn Writings” in Prose Architectures (Seattle; New York: Wave Books, 2017), vii.


II. Gladman, “Introduction: Writing Drawing, Drawn Writings,” xi. III. On this page, tracings from left to right and top to bottom are from Gladman, Prose Architectures, 50, 40, 57, 68, 25.


IV. Vivian Sobchack, Carnal Thoughts: Embodiment and Moving Image Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004), 110. V. Progressive tracings of Gladman, Prose Architectures, 68.


VI. See Sigmund Freud, “A Note Upon the ‘Mystic Writing Pad,’ The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud trans. James Strachey (London: The Hogarth Press, 1961), 227-232. VII. Jacques Derrida, “Signature Event Context” in Margins of Philosophy trans. Alan Bass (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982), 317. VIII. Walter Benjamin, The Arcades Project, trans. Howard Eiland (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), 447.



IX. Michio Hayashi, “Tracing the Graphic in Postwar Japanese Art” in Tokyo 1955-1970: A New Avant-Garde (New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2012), 95. X. Yuriko Furuhata, “Animating Copies: Japanese Graphic Design, the Xerox Machine, and Walter Benjamin” in Animating Film Theory (Durham: Duke University Press, 2014), 187.


XI. Gladman, “Introduction: Writing Drawing, Drawn Writings,” vii.


XII. Hillary Chute,  “Alison Bechdel (2006 and 2012)” in Outside the Box: Interviews with Contemporary Cartoonists (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014), 161. XIII. Hannah Frank, Frame by Frame: A Materialist Aesthetics of Animated Cartoons (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2019), 119.


XIV. Gladman, Prose Architectures, 50.


XV. Gladman, Prose Architectures, 65.



XVI. Gladman, “Introduction: Writing Drawing, Drawn Writings,” x.

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